World day against child labor: History and significance | World News

World day against child labor: History and significance |  World News

Every year on June 12, the World Day against Child Labor is celebrated across the world to focus attention on the global extent of the cause and the action and efforts needed to eliminate it. This year, the celebrations are set to focus on “Universal Social Protection to End Child Labor,” according to the International Labor Organization (ILO), the United Nations body that regulates the world of work. With this, the ILO is aiming to call for increased investment in the social protection systems to save kids young kids from child labor.

According to a report by the UN body, around 152 million children worldwide are engaged in child labor, of which 72 million children work in hazardous conditions.

The UN body established the World Day Against Child Labor in 2002 with the intention to foster the worldwide movement against child labor. On this day, state governments, local authorities, civil society and international, workers and employers organizations come together to raise awareness of how child labor has economic and social consequences.

According to recent ILO studies, the elimination of child labor in transition and developing economies could generate economic benefits much greater than the costs, which are mostly associated with an investment in better schooling and social services.

Evidence points to a strong link between household poverty and child labor, and child labor perpetuates poverty across generations by keeping the children of the poor out of school and limiting their prospects for upward social mobility.

“Child labor is a violation of fundamental human rights and has been shown to hinder children’s development, potentially leading to lifelong physical or psychological damage,” the ILO stated.


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