Closing The Digital Divide In Mexico With Wireless Technology

Closing The Digital Divide In Mexico With Wireless Technology

digital gap

The conditions of social inequality associated with a lack of access to information and communication technologies (ICTs) are known as the “digital divide”; These technologies include the Internet, telephones, cell phones, televisions, computers and any other device that connects people to the web. As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic lockdown, internet usage and online activities have experienced Boom Unprecedented, as both personal communication, education, commerce and even government activities have shifted to the digital ecosystem.

According to a bulletin published by the Directorate General of Computing and Information Technology of the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), the health emergency accelerated technological change and adaptation to new technologies in the country by 10 years. similarly, during 2020, 72% of the population (ie 84 million people) had access to household information, according to data from the National Survey on the Availability and Use of Information Technology in households published by the National Institute of Geography and Statistics (INEGI ). Internet, while Statista data predicts that, by 2025, about 114 million people in Mexico will be online. The increase in Internet users in Mexico is being achieved through increased mobile connectivity and greater use of networks such as 4G and 5G.

However, various experts point out that despite this acceleration, the digital divide still exists in Mexico in terms of Internet access, service quality and technical prowess; ENDUTIH itself indicates that only 60.6% of households in the country have internet access, the lowest social level with the lowest access, with only 3 out of 10 having service. similarly, the distribution of Internet users in urban and rural areas is unequal; While 78.3% of people in urban areas use the Internet, in rural areas this percentage drops to 50.8%. In this regard, the Network in Defense of Digital Rights (R3D) assures that access to the Internet is not only a right, but the basis of access to other basic rights such as culture, education and even freedom of expression. Therefore, better access is essential for national development.

WAN networks and 5G technology: bridging the gap

The use of ICT in the country has the potential to transform the daily life of the Mexican population in its various regions. From children and youth who benefit more and more in their educational process, to the general population, for whom mobile devices and Internet access have become basic tools in their daily lives. But not only that, wireless technologies allow healthcare improvements in remote communities, and have reached the business and industrial sectors through the so-called “Industry 4.0”.

Wireless networks such as 5G, which recently began to be deployed in Mexico, have the potential to close the digital divide in the country. “As has happened with other wireless technologies, the deployment and adoption of 5G technology in some areas will lead to greater use and coverage of 4G networks in others, which in general translates to more and more connected users”, Carlos Perea, vice president of Latin America at Cradlepoint, a leading company in the development and deployment of wireless networks.

While 4G networks have accelerated and improved connectivity between people, its near-zero latency, high speeds, and ability to transmit large amounts of data allow 5G networks to automate industrial processes, connect IoT devices, and become a factor in change. allows for use. The way companies and organizations communicate and interact with their customers and users. “In order to bridge the digital divide, it is necessary to have a comprehensive perspective, which addresses both end users and companies, who can find solutions to not only administrative and operational problems in wireless networks, but also to take the leap in this direction . Industry 4.0″, Periya assured.

Thus, the path of consolidation to Industry 4.0 in Mexico is also one of the options to begin with in order to reduce the digital divide in the country, as the gradual adoption of wireless technologies such as 5G is fueling the development of 4G technology in those places. Where, so far, its penetration can be improved.

a better connected country

Mexican companies have already begun to migrate to wireless connectivity, or are in the process of doing so. Report “WWAN 2022 STATUS”prepared by Cradlepoint, indicating that 63% of companies already use 4G/5G connectivity in their day-to-day operations; The same report shows that the percentage of Mexican organizations that have implemented or are going to implement wireless WANs with SD-WAN (software-defined WAN) functionalities in the next six months increased from 46% in 2020 to 67 in 2021 % done. This connection will thus enable an optimized network that reduces costs by enabling transport independence over MPLS, 4G/5G LTE, and other connection types. Organizations will be able to select the best transport mechanism available to improve application performance and network agility.

In the current context, in which Mexico is undergoing a complex process of economic recovery, industrial transformation towards automation and digitization is essential, and this requires the best possible connectivity. A better connected country means a country that has more potential to reveal its industrial potential, but has greater potential for growth in other areas, such as services, intelligent infrastructure and even commerce, in new forms of payment. To customers through forms and innovative experiences. ,

Therefore, the adoption of new wireless technologies such as 5G, and the consequent and gradual shifting of coverage and spectrum to 4G connectivity, play a central role not only in closing the digital divide in Mexico, but also in national economic recovery.

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