An excessive heat watch has been issued for the Pacific Northwest this week as temperatures soar over 100 degrees in parts of Washington. On Tuesday, Bellingham, Olympia and the Seattle-Tacoma area all broken historical record high temperatureswith Olympia topping out at 97 degrees which broke a 24-year-old record.
Although the hot weather presents the perfect opportunity to enjoy a hike or spend a day at a local park, it poses a series of risks for humans and animals.
Below are some frequently asked questions that you need to know heading into the hottest period of the year:
What is heat exhaustion and stroke, and how to spot it
Heat-related illnesses should be of concern for children and children up to the age of 4, people who are overweight and those who are ill, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Heat stroke kicks in when the body cannot control its temperature, and its sweating mechanism fails, resulting in body temperature rising as high as 106 degrees within 10 to 15 minutes.
Heat exhaustion is a less-severe form of heat stroke that develops over several days instead of in a short period like heat stroke. It occurs when there is an inappropriate or imbalanced replacement of fluids in the body and can turn into heat stroke if not addressed quickly.
“People should be mindful to always have a place to cool off. Make sure if you go out or travel, have something to drink,” National Weather Service meteorologist Les Colin told the Idaho Statesman.
“Make sure you keep your animals well-watered and generally inside, out of the sun,” he continued. “Basically normal, common sense measures to not allow yourself to be overcome by the heat.”
What to do: Move to a cooler area, loosen clothing and sip on cool water. Seek medical help if the symptoms don’t improve because heat exhaustion can lead to heat stroke.
What to do: Move the person to a cooler area, loosen clothing, remove any extra layers, and cool with water or ice.
Under Washington code — RCW 16.52.340 — it is a class 2 civil infraction to leave an animal unattended in a motor vehicle if it can be harmed by extreme weather. A class 2 civil infraction is punishable by a $125 fine. But regardless of the punishment, leaving an animal in a hot car can be much more severe for the animal than for the owner.
On an 85-degree day, it only takes ten minutes for the inside of a car to reach 102 degrees even when a window is cracked, according to the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. Within 30 minutes, the temperature in the car can be as high as 120 degrees.
Anything over 77 degrees is generally considered too hot to walk a dog and puts them at risk of heat stroke. Symptoms of overheating include:
Animals with flat faces such as pugs and Persian cats are more susceptible to heat stroke because they can’t pant as effectively, said Dr. LaCheryl Ball, who works for the ASPCA community medicine team.
“Make sure your pet is always hydrated, especially when it is especially hot or humid. If your pets are outside, make sure they have a shady area to get out of the sun and do not over-exercise them,” Ball said. “Some dogs don’t know when to stop exercising! On hot days, it is better to err on the side of caution by selecting times of day when the sun is not at its hottest and end a play session early to prevent overheating.”
How much should you drink?
Drinking water is necessary regardless of the time of year, but it’s especially important in the summer to stave off dehydration and heat exhaustion. The CDC recommends daily water intake equal to 15.5 cups for men and 11.5 cups for women.
You can determine your hydration levels based on urine colorwith clear or very pale yellow urine indicating good hydration up to orange or amber-colored urine indicating moderate or severe hydration.
The Washington State Department of Health suggests that people “drink plenty of fluids” but to avoid liquids with alcohol, caffeine or high levels of sugar. The department also suggests to keep a few bottles of frozen water in your freezer in case the power goes out as a result of extreme heat.
How can you stay cool in Washington?
Cooling centers have popped up across the Puget Sound region this summer as temperatures approach near-record levels.
In the Tacoma and Lacey areas, the Lighthouse Activity Center and the Virgin S. Clarkson Senior Center have opened as cooling centers for as long as temperatures remain above 90 degrees. Several buildings in the Tri-Cities region are also offering air-conditioned relief.
Weather safety quiz
Think you’re a pro at hot weather safety? Take our quiz below to see how prepared you are for outdoors adventures this summer: